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Friday, February 3, 2023

To my best friend Russell


🐶 My best friend Russell 🐶

What is my dogs name? 

Her name is Russell 

How old are he? 

Russell has 3 years old.

About my dog...

Russell is my favorite dog because is the most beautiful pet in the world. He plays with me, and he likes to catch the ball always. 

His fur is white and brown color. Is very soft and cute. 

Russell likes to take a walk in the park. He eat a lot of "pepitas" to be more strong and intelligent.

Sometimes, Russell accompanies me to the school, but after that, he star to cry into the car, because he miss me. 

I love so mucho my pet, Russell you are very special for me.

 Thank you Russell,

With all my love, Boris Pryszlak Tarud. 


Thursday, February 2, 2023

How Much Land Does a Man Need? Guide and Elements



  • Guide for Responding

  1. Pahom pays for “success” with his life. What price are you willing to pay for success?

  • I want to achieve success with effort, not with my life, because afterwards I can't enjoy what I got. 

Check Your Comprehension

  1. What does Pahom believe is the only trouble that peasants face?

  • He believes that they don't have enough land.

  1. How does Pahom come to buy his first parcel of land?

  • He had a 100 rubles, they sold a colt and one half their bees, hired out one of their sons as a farmhand and took his wages from a brother in law, with this he got half of the money to buy the land.  

  1. List three problems Pahom experiences as he increases his land holdings.

  • The first one is that he tries to get more land so he decides to move to another village and he sold everything he had; the second one, was that poor farmers were entering Pahom´s land to steal and finally the third one is the envy that farmers had of Pahom.

  1. How do the Bashkirs determine how much land a man can own?

  • They sell the land based on how much territory the buyer can mark throughout a day.

  1. Briefly summarize what happens on the last day of Pahom's life.

  • Pahom tried to rest the night before the day but he had a nightmare and he didn't sleep. The last day, he had to mark the land that he wanted with a hoe, but the thing about it was that he had to be in the initial point before night. He did arrive on time because of his desire for the land, but he died and he couldn't get the land that he wanted.

Critical Thinking

  1. How and why does Pahom's attitude toward his first plot of land change?

  • He said that having small lands is not going to give profits to the owner, so he saw that having more land is going to be more profitable.

  1. How do Pahom's and the Bashkirs' attitudes toward landownership differ?

  • Unlike Pahom, the Bashkirs don't give much thought to the amount of land they own and the huge profits they could make out of it. They are satisfied and conformed with what they have as long as they can live comfortably.

Literary Focus 

  1. What is the lesson that Tolstoy's parable teaches?

  •  Be happy with the things that you have.

  1. Parables are often used as a means of moral instruction. How might "How Much Land Does a Man Need?" be used for this purpose?

  • It helped a lot to describe and to teach how envy and the need for more material objects can damage people, leading them to tragic consequences.

  1. How does the last sentence in the story reflect the message that answers the title question?

  • It reflects it because this man wanted to have a lot of land but sadly this ended with his death and his grave only took six feet from his head to his toes.

Build Vocabulary

  1. The landowner stormed into the house, holding a sheaf of bills in his hand.

  2. His mind has gone forbore; he hasn't read a book in a month.

  1. Although the area used to be a desert, irrigation made the land arable.

  2. Pahom's sister-in-law disparaged the country.

  3. The aggrieved peasants complained to the landowner.

  4. Pahom was piqued by his neighbor's inconsiderate behavior.

Build Grammar Skills

  1. Pahom’s heart kindled with desire.

  2. He gave away about one hundred rubles’ worth of silk robes and carpets.

  3. It was the Bashkirs’ custom to sell land by the day.

  4. The chief’s real identity is revealed at the end of the story.

  • Elements of literature

  • Mood: Greedy, blunt.

  • Tone: Satirical, complex. 

  • Theme: The consequences of greediness and how social hierarchy and money can influence people.

  • Characters' inner traits: Pahom is a greedy, irritable, ambitious, and dissatisfied man.

  • Characters' physical traits: (From pictures on the internet) Pahom is a light-skinned man, with long light brown hair and messy beard, who appears to be in his late 30’s or early 40’s.

  • Setting: In an unnamed village in the countryside of Russia during the 19th century.

  • Internal conflict: Pahom becomes a greedy man when tempted by the Evil One, which makes him want more and more throughout the years, without thinking of aspects such as the stability of his family life. This guides him through a path of questionable decisions, and eventual death.

  • External conflict: 

  • Man Vs Man: The Chief was the one between Pahom successfully getting his land or not. Despite him not being the direct responsible for Pahom’s death, he was involved in it, given that if he hadn’t decided the said rules of land ownership, the story could have had a different outcome.

  • Man Vs Society: Pahom is constantly exposed to temptations (like new or better lands) that ultimately drive him to make wrong decisions for him, his family, and his business.

  • Man Vs Nature: Pahom is hurt from walking shoeless on the soil, and extremely hot from the incandescent sun.

  • Man Vs Super power: At first, Pahom is sure that if he had plenty of land he wouldn’t fear the Evil One; however, he is a supernatural force that eventually gets to Pahom and tempts him to sin and cause his inevitable death. 

  • Climax: Filled with greediness, Pahom wants to mark much more land than what he really needs; exceeding his limits almost to the point of fainting, and risking to lose all of his money unless he arrives at the hillock on time.

  • Resolution 

  • Real: Pahom is able to reach the top of the hillock on time, gaining a lot of land; however, he dies in the spot because of extreme tiredness.

  • Made up: Pahom arrives on time, extremely exhausted, but still surviving. He thinks he succeeded and gained the wanted land; however, the Chief played him dirty, and stole his money and left him all alone without resources, causing his death soon after.

By Carolina León, Alfonso Isaza

Step 10

How Much Land Does a Man Need?: Analysis



Guide For Responding

Thematic Focus

I believe that my effort and passion will lead me to success, if I have both, it will come naturally. 

Check Your Comprehension

  1.  They don’t have that much land.

  2.  Because he didn’t have enough money, he sold a colt and one half of their bees, hired out one of his sons as a farmhand and took his wages in advance, and borrowed the rest from a brother-in-law.

  3.  - Other peasants allow their animals to graze on his land without permission.

 - When he tries to use the law against the trespassers, Pahom doesn’t win the cases and makes enemies of the magistrates.

 - When he moves to a new town, Pahom has trouble with renting others’ land, which causes him to seek out his own land to purchase again.

  1.  The price is fixed, you get to buy as much land as you can go around on feet in a day with one thousand rubles.

  2.  He is controlled by his greed and so, he forces himself to cover a great amount of land, way more than his body can bear. When he returns to the starting point, Pahom’s body finally gives up and he drops down, passing away almost immediately.

Critical Thinking

  1. He becomes greedy and obsessed with acquiring land.

  2. The Bashkirs live peacefully with the land they have, just using what they need and they simply enjoy their lives as they are. Pahom, however, forgets his purpose, he wasn’t really looking for a better life in a healthy way anymore, he focused too much on being more powerful and wealthy than the rest.

Literary Focus

  1. You shouldn’t fall into the temptation of the devil and become greedy. It’s okay to have desires but you mustn’t obsess over them and let that control you, and also, everything can change in a heartbeat, you may have all the wealth you ever dreamed of today but you may lose everything tomorrow.

  2. It serves as a reminder of what most of us have been told but we tend to forget or not take it as seriously. Excessive desire can lead to great loss.

Build Grammar Skills

  1. Pahom’s

  2. Ruble’s

  3. Bashkir’s

  4. Chief’s

  1. Pahom’s heart kindled with desire.

  2. He gave away about one hundred rubles’ worth of silk robes and carpets.

  3. It was the Bashkirs’ custom to sell land by the day.

  4. The chief’s real identity is revealed at the end of the story.

Build Vocab

  1. The landowner stormed into the house, holding a sheaf of bills in his hand.

  2. His mind has gone sheaf; he hasn’t read a book in a month.

  1. Although the area used to be a desert , irrigation made the land arable.

  2. Pahom’s sister-in-law disparaged the country ways.

  3. The wronged peasants complained to the landowner.

  4. Pahom was piqued by his neighbor’s inconsiderate behavior.



Mood: reflexive

Tone: greed

Theme: excessive desire can make a person lose all they have.

Character: Pahom is initially portrayed as a hardworking husband, a poor but happy peasant, and then becomes a greedy and prideful landowner. 

Setting: the main setting is the russian countryside.

Conflicts: Internal: Pahom Vs.
himself because he couldn’t stop acquiring more and more land, which tired him out.

Man vs man: Pahom vs the trespassers.

Man vs supernatural: Pahom Vs. the devil.

Man vs society: the difference in power between social classes.

Climax: When Pahom is told he can buy as much land as he desires with a thousand rubles.

Resolution: Pahom dies from exhaustion and is buried.

New resolution: As Pahom arrives at the starting mark, he passes out from the exhaustion and is taken to a hospital. Three days go by and he is still recovering. Suddenly, he hears a continuous beeping sound near him, and then realizes it’s his holter monitor. He died!...

The chirping of the birds wake Pahom up, he desperately gets up from his bed, goes to the bathroom, checks himself in the mirror, and calms down knowing that it had all been a bad dream.

By Verónica Duque, Step 10